Correct Theology, Incorrect Application


It appears that ‘Waiting/Looking for Messiah’ occurred very early in the history of man. It was not a late development. Later prophecy only clarified what had already been introduced. Adam and Eve knew they were in trouble after being expelled from the Garden. They were looking for the solution promised by God in Genesis 3:15. This is apparent in the very next chapter.

NAU Genesis 4:1 Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, and she said, “I have gotten a manchild with the help of the LORD.”

NIV Genesis 4:1 Adam {1 Or The man} lay with his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. {1 Cain sounds like the Hebrew for brought forth or acquired.} She said, “With the help of the LORD I have brought forth {1 Or have acquired} a man.”

KJV Genesis 4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. {Cain: that is Gotten, or, Acquired}

The literal Hebrew of Eve’s statement is: ‘I have gotten a man:YHWH’. The Hebrew has caused translators difficulty, and has been especially problematic for the Jews after the Resurrection of Jesus. Before the Advent of Jesus, the literal Hebrew was interpreted as Eve believing she had birthed the Messiah when she gave birth to Cain. That she realized her mistake in identifying Cain as the Messiah was evident in the birth of her second son, Abel. His name in Hebrew (hebel) means Vain (other uses of hebel are found in Ecclesiastes 1:2, Zech 10:2, Lamentations 4:17; Isaiah 49:4; Psalm 39:6 and Job 9:29 – all with the meaning of vain). Eve was theologically correct in her interpretation of God’s statement in Genesis 3:15. God has promised a redeeming God-Man. However, she realized after Cain’s birth (and confirmed later when he murdered his brother Abel) that she had misapplied her understanding of God’s promise. And so the wait continued.


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