NIV Isaiah 53:10 Yet it was the LORD’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand. 11 After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light of and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
What a way to end the week and our look at Isaiah 53. The One who is ultimately responsible for the Messiah’s death is identified, the purpose of his death is revealed, the satisfaction of God’s anger toward sin is displayed, the blessing of Messiah extolled.
Who is responsible for the killing of Jesus?
We could point to the Jews:
NAU Matthew 26:3 Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, named Caiaphas; 4 and they plotted together to seize Jesus by stealth and kill Him
NAU John 19:6 So when the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him.”
But we would be wrong! We could point to the Romans (Gentiles, non-Jews):
NIV John 19:16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
But we would be wrong! Isaiah 53:10 tells us it was God, the Father, who was responsible for the death of Messiah.
We also learn from this section that Messiah’s death was substitutionary (verse 12 – . For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors), satisfied God’s wrath (verse 11 – he will see the light of and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities), and in the end Messiah will receive recognition from those who have benefited from His substitutionary and sacrificial gift (verse 12 – Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong).
In summary, Isaiah 52:13-53:12 teaches us that Messiah:
Would be born under natural circumstances;
Would suffer at His first coming;
Would be rejected at His first coming;
Would undergo a trial of condemnation at His first coming;
Would be executed at His first coming;
Would be a substitutionary sacrifice on behalf of sinful man;
Would be buried in a rich man’s tomb;
Would be resurrected;
Would bring justification to all who believe in Him and His work.