Archive for the 'Waiting For Messiah' Category



Messiah will be Virgin Born

WEDNESDAY

From the Jewish perspective, no, from the human perspective the promise of Messiah appears bizarre! A Divine-Human who is born from the seed of a woman? Through the lineage of Abraham and Judah? Who will rule not only over Israel but the world? And who will be a prophet like Moses? Can it get any more controversial? YES! He will be Virgin born!

NAU Isaiah 7:14 “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.

NIV Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you {14 The Hebrew is plural.} a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and {14 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls and he or and they} will call him Immanuel. {14 Immanuel means God with us.}

KJV Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. {shall call: or, thou, O virgin, shalt call}

There is much discussion over the Hebrew word for virgin (almah). It can mean both virgin or a young unmarried woman. The word is used seven times in the Hebrew Scriptures – all have the meaning of virgin in the context. The meaning of young unmarried woman can be found in Hebrew literature outside of the Scriptures, but in the Scriptures has the meaning of virgin.

Supporting this restrictive translation is the Septuagint (LXX) or the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures done by Jewish scholars. The word almah is translated parthenos which has the restrictive meaning of virgin. This is the word used in Matthew’s account of Jesus’ birth.

NAU Matthew 1:23 “BEHOLD, THE VIRGIN SHALL BE WITH CHILD AND SHALL BEAR A SON, AND THEY SHALL CALL HIS NAME IMMANUEL,” which translated means, “GOD WITH US.”

According to Isaiah’s message from God, Messiah would have a miraculous entrance into the world – He would be virgin born.

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Messiah will be a Prophet

TUESDAY

Not only will Messiah be a Divine-Human who comes from the seed of a woman through the line of Abraham and Judah, who will rule over Israel and ultimately the world, but He will be a prophet.

NAU Deuteronomy 18:18 ‘I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. 19 ‘It shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him.

NIV Deuteronomy 18:18 I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. 19 If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.

KJV Deuteronomy 18:18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. 19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.

This Divine-Human Messiah will be a prophet like Moses. How will the Messiah be like Moses in Moses’ prophetic office?

1) As a prophet He will speak directly with God rather than through dreams and visions:

NIV Numbers 12:6 he said, “Listen to my words: “When a prophet of the LORD is among you, I reveal myself to him in visions, I speak to him in dreams. 7 But this is not true of my servant Moses; he is faithful in all my house 8 With him I speak face to face, clearly and not in riddles; he sees the form of the LORD. Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?”

CP: NAU Luke 3:21 Now when all the people were baptized, Jesus was also baptized, and while He was praying, heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, “You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.”

2) As a prophet He will respond to suffering by declaring and performing an act of redemption:

NIV Exodus 3:10 So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.”

CP: NAU Luke 9:22 saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed and be raised up on the third day.” 23 And He was saying to them all, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take up his cross daily and follow Me. 24 “For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake, he is the one who will save it.

3) As a prophet He will act as a mediator:

NIV Exodus 20:18 When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet and saw the mountain in smoke, they trembled with fear. They stayed at a distance 19 and said to Moses, “Speak to us yourself and we will listen. But do not have God speak to us or we will die.”

CP: NAU 1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,

4) As a prophet He will act as an Intercessor:

NIV Exodus 32:30 The next day Moses said to the people, “You have committed a great sin. But now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.” 31 So Moses went back to the LORD and said, “Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! They have made themselves gods of gold. 32 But now, please forgive their sin– but if not, then blot me out of the book you have written.”

CP: NAU Romans 8:34 who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.

Messiah was prophesied to be a Divine – Human from the seed of a woman through the lineage of Abraham and Judah, who will rule over Israel and the world as well as perform the functions of and be a prophet.

Messianic Confirmation through a Gentile

MONDAY

Last week we examined prophecies related to the 1st Coming of Messiah under the heading of ‘Waiting For Messiah’. We saw the promise of a God-Man redeemer in Genesis 3:15, Eve’s misapplication of God’s promise in Genesis 4:1, Lamech’s misapplication in Genesis 5:29, and the narrowing of the promise through Abraham’s seed in Genesis 22:18 and through the tribe of Judah in Genesis 49:10. This week we will continue that study to show the breadth of God’s preparation of the Jews and the world for the coming of His Son.

We will begin by looking at God’s promise delivered to non-Jews through the pagan prophet Balaam in Numbers 24:17. After 40 years of wandering in the desert under Moses’ leadership and just before they entered the land of Canaan under Joshua’s command, the pagan king Balak attempted to commission the pagan prophet Balaam to pronounce a curse on the people of Israel. In Numbers 23 and 24 we see God intervene and prohibit Balaam from cursing Israel and instead give a blessing over Israel – a move that greatly angered Balak. But it is interesting to see God’s witness to non-Jews regarding the coming of Messiah:

NAU Numbers 24:17 “I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near; A star shall come forth from Jacob, A scepter shall rise from Israel, And shall crush through the forehead of Moab, And tear down all the sons of Sheth.

NIV Numbers 24:17 “I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob; a scepter will rise out of Israel. He will crush the foreheads of Moab, the skulls {17 Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Jer. 48:45); the meaning of the word in the Masoretic Text is uncertain.} of {17 Or possibly Moab, batter} all the sons of Sheth. {17 Or all the noisy boasters}

KJV Numbers 24:17 I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth. {smite…: or, smite through the princes of}

Four hundred and seventy years after Jacob’s family moved to Egypt where he pronounces the leadership blessing on the tribe of Judah, an ‘outside the nation’ confirmation of Jacob’s prophecy is made through a non-Jewish source. Balaam, who was probably confused by what he was saying since he did not have Genesis 49:10 as a reference point, prophesizes that Messiah (when He comes) will be a unique and powerful king who will rule over Israel. More than likely it was this prophecy that Babylonian astrologers used to look for the ‘star’ that guided them to Bethlehem when Messiah was born 1,000 years later.

Shiloh

FRIDAY

Before the Book of Genesis ends, God is once more going to narrow the options for identifying the God-Man Messiah. On his death bed, Jacob gave his blessings to each of his sons. Honor and a double portion should have gone to the first born – Rueben. But instead, the double portion went not to the first born but to the next to last or 11th son – Joseph – and split between his sons Ephraim and Manasseh.

But leadership honors went to Judah – the forth son of Jacob.

NAU Genesis 49:10 “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes, And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

NIV Genesis 49:10 The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs {10 Or until Shiloh comes; or until he comes to whom tribute belongs} and the obedience of the nations is his.

KJV Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

The term Shiloh is an important term and means ‘until He comes to whom it belongs’. The NIV has the most literal translation of the Hebrew. The rabbi’s early interpreted Shiloh as one of the names for Messiah. Judah will not lose the honor and right to rule over the other tribes until the One (Messiah) comes who has the full rights to the scepter. Messiah’s identity is now limited to being a descendant of Judah.

Later (after 70 A.D.), the rabbis would use this verse to show that the Messiah was not divine because sheloh (Shiloh) is similar to shilyah – the word describing the amniotic sac in which a fetus is formed. To these later leaders, this was an indication that Messiah was merely human. However, before the appearance of Jesus, this was not the thinking.

Implied in this identity of Judah as the descendant of Abraham through whom Messiah will appear is that Judah will lose this identity once Messiah has come. Interestingly, the Jews were meticulous keepers of genealogy for the all the tribes (but especially Judah and Levi) until the destruction of the Temple in 70A.D. Immediately after 70 A.D. the rabbi’s passed laws to preserve the identity of the Levitical Tribe (for that time in the future when the Temple will once again be restored). So with the loss of identity of all tribes but Levi after 70 A.D., we can assert that Messiah (based on the prophecies in Genesis) must appear before 70 A.D.

And interestingly He did – when Jesus was born of Mary, matured into adulthood and demonstrated Himself to be the Divine-Man Messiah.

Narrowing the Field

THURSDAY

We learn two important truths about the God-man redeemer promised in Genesis 3:15 – 1) the Messiah is to come from humanity, and 2) the Messiah will be uniquely born from the seed of a woman (an unusual description of any man’s origin). As we move forward in history and in the book of Genesis, we find the options narrowing for the origin of Messiah.

NAU Genesis 22:18In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”

NIV Genesis 22:18 and through your offspring {18 Or seed} all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.”

KJV Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.

Once again, the singular nature of seed is highlighted as it was in Genesis 3:15. This time, instead of the woman’s seed being highlighted, the seed of Abraham is being emphasized. Genesis 3:15 and 22:18 tell us that the Messiah will be Divine and human at the same time, entering in a unique way through a woman’s seed, from the lineage of Abraham. And just as importantly, the Messiah will bless ALL humanity – not just the descendants of Abraham. Although Messiah is to be Jewish, His work will benefit ALL mankind. How is will benefit all mankind will be developed in later prophecy (i.e. Isaiah 42:1-6; 49:5, 6).

NAU Galatians 3:16 Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as referring to many, but rather to one, “And to your seed,” that is, Christ.

NIV Galatians 3:16 The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The Scripture does not say “and to seeds,” meaning many people, but “and to your seed,” {16 Gen. 12:7; 13:15; 24:7} meaning one person, who is Christ.

KJV Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.

NOAH – Continuing the Wait

WEDNESDAY

NIV Genesis 5:22 And after he became the father of Methuselah, Enoch walked with God 300 years and had other sons and daughters… 25 When Methuselah had lived 187 years, he became the father of Lamech… 28 When Lamech had lived 182 years, he had a son. NAU Genesis 5:29 Now he called his name Noah, saying, “This one will give us rest from our work and from the toil of our hands arising from the ground which the LORD has cursed.”

All the patriarchs were looking for the God-Man redeemer promised by God in Genesis 3:15. When we get to Enoch, the seventh generation from creation, the theology of Adam and Eve is still alive. Enoch names his first born Methuselah which can be translated either ‘When he dies He will come’ of ‘When he dies It will come. It appears the patriarchs thought they were close to the fulfillment of prophecy and that Methuselah’s death marked the coming of the Messiah.

Lamech continues this thinking in the naming of his son, Noah, which means rest. But the death of Methuselah did not result in the appearance of Messiah. Instead, it resulted in the cataclysmic event recorded in the Bible and other ancient literature as the flood. The name, Methuselah, was indeed prophetic but rather than foretelling the coming of a person it foretold the coming of an event. The Patriarchs had a small piece of the puzzle. They were looking for the God-Man redeemer but they were looking for a soon appearing of this redeemer not knowing of the patience of God.

NAU 2 Peter 3:15 and regard the patience of our Lord as salvation; just as also our beloved brother Paul, according to the wisdom given him, wrote to you,

Correct Theology, Incorrect Application

TUESDAY

It appears that ‘Waiting/Looking for Messiah’ occurred very early in the history of man. It was not a late development. Later prophecy only clarified what had already been introduced. Adam and Eve knew they were in trouble after being expelled from the Garden. They were looking for the solution promised by God in Genesis 3:15. This is apparent in the very next chapter.

NAU Genesis 4:1 Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, and she said, “I have gotten a manchild with the help of the LORD.”

NIV Genesis 4:1 Adam {1 Or The man} lay with his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. {1 Cain sounds like the Hebrew for brought forth or acquired.} She said, “With the help of the LORD I have brought forth {1 Or have acquired} a man.”

KJV Genesis 4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. {Cain: that is Gotten, or, Acquired}

The literal Hebrew of Eve’s statement is: ‘I have gotten a man:YHWH’. The Hebrew has caused translators difficulty, and has been especially problematic for the Jews after the Resurrection of Jesus. Before the Advent of Jesus, the literal Hebrew was interpreted as Eve believing she had birthed the Messiah when she gave birth to Cain. That she realized her mistake in identifying Cain as the Messiah was evident in the birth of her second son, Abel. His name in Hebrew (hebel) means Vain (other uses of hebel are found in Ecclesiastes 1:2, Zech 10:2, Lamentations 4:17; Isaiah 49:4; Psalm 39:6 and Job 9:29 – all with the meaning of vain). Eve was theologically correct in her interpretation of God’s statement in Genesis 3:15. God has promised a redeeming God-Man. However, she realized after Cain’s birth (and confirmed later when he murdered his brother Abel) that she had misapplied her understanding of God’s promise. And so the wait continued.